Anthropology, the term denotes a discipline of infinite curiosity about human beings. The term has been derived from two Greek words, anthropos for “man” and logus for “study or science”. Anthropologists seek answer to enormous variety of question about humans. They are interested in discovering when, where, and why human appeared on the earth, how and why they have changed since then, and how and why modern human populations vary in certain physical features. Anthropologists are interested in how and why societies in the past and present have varied in their customary ideas and practices.
Thus Anthropology is the study of humankind in all its forms. But of course, this would not distinguish it from other disciplines that study the human condition such as Psychology, History, Sociology, Economics, Political Science, Geography, Human biology, and perhaps even the humanistic disciplines of philosophy and literature. The critical aspect of anthropology that sets it apart is its cross-cultural, conjunctive and holistic nature. Anthropology is thus able to relate all of these disciplines to its quest for an understanding of human behaviour and draws upon all of them to interpret the way in which all biological and social factor enter to depict the man’s culture and behaviour in totality.
Clyde K.M. Kluckhohn, a famous American anthropologist, has argued that out of all the sciences which study various aspects of man, anthropology is the which comes nearest to being a total study of man. Kluckhohn defines anthropology as the “mirror of man”.